Study of stones and rocks.
Type of vine (example: Grenache, Syrah)
All of a vineyard’s vine varieties
AOC Ventoux enjoys a sun-kissed Mediterranean climate. The blue of the sky is more intense, the fragrances more sublime, colours magnified. The sun shines with all its brilliance between 2700 and 2900 hours per year in Provence. Vines, as well as olive and almond trees soak in the life-giving rays of what is record sunshine.
However, the picture would not be complete without the Mistral wind. The Mistral is indissociable from the AOC Ventoux landscape, where it bends its trees, invites its “Comtadins” to protect their houses and their fields from attack. It also prevents humidity from settling in, it dries the vines and plantations in record time.
The mistral that blows its way along the Rhône Valley; the privileged climate of Provence and the protective mass of Mont Ventoux make the earth of AOC Ventoux a rich combination propitious to producing wines of real character.
The AOC Ventoux vineyard is located in the Vaucluse department, with a part in the Comtat Venaissin.
Mont Ventoux dominates the Provence with its protective mass. Its slopes stretch lazily towards the Carpentras plain, with its southern slope home to the vines of the AOC Ventoux. The steeper northern slope plunges down into the wilder and almost mountainous Toulourenc valley.
Mont Ventoux has been designated a UNESCO Natural Biosphere Reserve and not by chance. The mountain is endowed with an astonishing diversity of plants and animals: the flora is Mediterranean (olive trees, green oaks, thyme, etc.), together with lush forests of larch, pine and fir, rare varieties (Greenland poppy, pale orchis, dwarf iris, Alp gentian, paired-leaf saxifrage, petrarch campion).
Fauna, ranging from boar, fox and wild Corsican sheep to elaphe stag, chamois, roe deer and hare also call Mont Ventoux their home.
Mont Ventoux, formed of ridges running east-west, is 1912 metres at its highest point. Mont Ventoux is characterised as a Provencal-Pyrenean-type fold, although, geographically speaking, it can be attached to the Alpine massif. The Monts de Vaucluse are a natural extension of Mont Ventoux.
These formations have evolved under the effect of orogenesis (the process of mountain building), the appearance and disappearance of different seas during changes in climate from humid tropical to colder and dryer. Today’s highly contrasting landscape (mountains, plateaux, valleys, hilly reliefs, etc.) is the direct consequence of those climatic changes.
The AOC Ventoux appellation boasts an astonishing variety of geological formations.
The lithological features of the substrates identified over the appellation area cover a time scale ranging from -230 million years to the present time. These substrates most frequently correspond to colluvial deposits, products accumulated throughout the years, resulting from the direct alteration of geological formations.
The somewhat ancient fluvial terraces form another major part of these quaternary deposits. These are therefore alluvial formations of sand, gravel and stone origin, surmounted by silt of a highly variable thickness.
Moreover, the Comtat Venaissin’s gravelly zaffer (from tertiary sediments), ochre sands (cretaceous) and soils evolved in the Oligocene, are also at the origin of the typicity of the wine of AOC Ventoux.
Combined with the Provencal climate and the multiple microclimates of appellation’s mountains, plains and valleys, the geological variations in the immediate surroundings of Mont Ventoux enrich, through their multiplicity, the very particular character of the AOC Ventoux
With the accession of the AOC, the vine varieties selected for the AOC Ventoux are classified into primary and secondary, as they are for the southern Rhône valley wine appellation. That said, it is the presence of Mont Ventoux and its particular climate that give them their own special characteristics.
Reds and Rosés
GRENACHE NOIR: The basic variety of all southern Rhône Valley wine appellations. Grenache produces wine of a fine colour, full-bodied and fruity when young. When combined with other varieties, it gains in balance and harmony.
CARIGNAN: Well-suited to the meagre soils of our slopes, blends well with Grenache. It produces vigorous, well-structured wine.
CINSAULT: A quality variety that favours dry, stony hills. Delivers finesse and elegance.
SYRAH: When wisely dosed, this variety gives body and structure to the wine. It favours ageing and gives a more intense colour.
MOURVÈDRE: This old Mediterranean variety produces very colourful, dry and vigorous wines.
CLAIRETTE: A very old southern plant, well-suited to our poor soils where it gives the best of itself. Harvested when beautifully ripe, it gives the wine a fine clear colour.
BOURBOULENC: A vigorous, rustic plant that produces wines that are lighter, more vigorous wine than Clairette, with which it blends well.
GRENACHE BLANC: A variety with a low yield on the slopes, producing fine, rich wine with floral aromas and low in acid. A variety that expresses itself fully in a blend with Clairette and Bourboulenc.
Roussanne, Ugni Blanc.
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